Due April 18th

PART ONE

Hate Speech

Hate speech is thought to include communications of animosity or disparagement of an individual or group on account of characteristics such as race, color, national origin, sex, disability, religion, or sexual orientation.Hate speech is often directed toward others with the aim of violating specific rights that belong to the victim such as the rights to personal security, emotional well-being, and equal citizenship.Terms such as “faggs” “homo” “queer” “nigger”are all considered hate speech when used in a negative connotation.The problem of hate speech can be traced back to the first settlement of America when it often took the form of conflict between different religious sects. Hate groups known for hate speech and hateful actions are the Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist organization, responsible for lynchings, murder, and other acts of violence.There are also Neo Nazi groups which are mainly racist and anti-Semitic. One of the recent groups is the Westboro  Baptist church that is known for its extreme stance against homosexuality and its protest activities such as picketing funerals and burning the American flag.

Free Speech/ Freedom of Speech/Expression

Freedom of speech is the liberty to speak freely without restriction.The synonymous term freedom of expression is sometimes used to indicate not only freedom of verbal speech but any act of seeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used.The right to freedom of speech is recognized as an individual right under the First Amendment of the Unites States Constitution.The right to freedom of speech and expression is closely related to other rights, and may be limited when conflicting with other rights. In the journal article Hate Speech in the Constitutional Law, Fisch states that “The U.S federal constitution in the First Amendment, offers no definitio of “the freedom of speech” which it forbids government to abridge” (Fisch 464).

Equality

The United States was born with a Declaration of Independence that proclaimed, as a self-evident truth, that, “all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness—That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men.” According to the founders of the United States of America, all people are equal, by virtue of their humanity, in possession of certain rights (such as rights to liberty) that it is the responsibility of government to protect.

 

PART THREE

Thesis

The debate on speech regulation raises crucial issues about the meaning and limits of free expression and its relationship to other fundamental values such as civility, equality, and dignity. The hate speech problem goes to the core of political and constitutional order by posing an apparently irreconcilable conflict between liberty, equality, and community. Hate speech poses a uniquely difficult issue as it produces a clash between two constitutional commitments to equality and to freedom of speech.

Question: How does hate speech affect other individuals’ rights?

The thesis answers the question because it states the individual rights that are affected by hate speech. It answer the question by stating the individual rights affected by hate speech and presents the constitutional dilemma between the individual rights and free speech.

Rewritten Thesis

Efforts to regulate speech have generated major political and constitutional debate.The debate on speech regulation raises crucial issues about the meaning and limits of free expression and its relationship to other fundamental values such as civility, equality, and dignity.The hate speech problem goes to the core of political and constitutional order by posing an apparently irreconcilable conflict between liberty, equality, and community.

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Published in: on April 19, 2011 at 1:11 am  Comments (1)  

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One CommentLeave a comment

  1. This seems like a good start to figuring out what exactly you want to talk about in your paper. I will be interested to see if you are going to discuss specific court cases or more general things like the Ku Klux Klan and Westboro Baptist Church.


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